Opinions on Lenovo X220?

(Sorry in advance for this possible misuse of the planet, but I feel this might be geeky enough).

My old Fujitsu-Siemens Amilo Si1520 laptop, which has served me well all in all, has started to fall apart on me hardware-wise. Since I recently got hold of a bit of extra cash, I’m looking for a replacement. I’m considering the Lenovo X220. It’s basically the same form factor as my current one, which is nice since it’s what I’m looking for. And it seems it has gotten some good reviews. I’ve never owned a Thinkpad, or an IBM/Lenovo machine for that matter.

Anyone have an X220 who can give me the inside scoop on what annoys you most about the machine? I see in the spec sheet that it’s certfied for Redhat/Novell/Ubuntu, but has anyone had any problems getting things to work?

If I get this model, I’d probably be getting the Core i7 one, but without an SSD since I already have a 180 GB SSD to put in it.

Thanks for any answers/recommendations!

Brief GSoC Update — Interactive Table Resizing and Cell Selections

Hi everybody,

In the coming days, I’ll try to write a longer post with more technical details about my recent work on the project. Until then, here’s a short screencast showing some of the new features; interactive table resizing and cell selections. This time it includes me speaking a bit (!). And the format is now WebM/VP8 instead of Ogg/Theora. White areas in the capture got some weird tinting, but that’s a screencasting problem and not my code :)

Download Video (~12 MB WebM)

Bye ’til next time!

Simple Backups with rsnapshot — 3 Step Guide


Since I recently set up a simple backup scheme for my laptop, workstation and server that I’m quite happy with, I thought I should share. The thing about backups is that everyone talks about how one should have them, but who really has an adequate backup scheme?

My laptop and workstation runs Arch Linux. The server is an old FreeBSD 7.0 install. I know the FreeBSD version is ancient, but the installed ports are kept up to date, and the machine has been running fine for years. It hosts this blog, along with the blogs and websites of some friends, a DNS server and a private SILC server me and some friends use for chatting.

So in short, here’s what I did for backups on the server. For the laptop and workstation, the instructions are pretty much identical, except you can leave out the parts about MySQL backups.

Step 1 — Install rsnapshot

portinstall rsnapshot (pacman -S rsnapshot on Arch)

Step 2 — Configure rsnapshot

I use the following configuration to tell rsnapshot to keep seven days of daily backups along with one montly backup in /usr/.rsnapshot.

config_version  1.2
snapshot_root   /usr/.snapshots/
cmd_rm          /bin/rm
cmd_rsync       /usr/local/bin/rsync
cmd_logger      /usr/bin/logger

cmd_postexec    /usr/local/bin/backup-strongspace.sh

interval        daily   7
interval        monthly 1

verbose         2
loglevel        3
logfile /var/log/rsnapshot
lockfile        /var/run/rsnapshot.pid

rsync_long_args --delete --numeric-ids --relative --delete-excluded --filter="dir-merge,n- .backup-exclude"
link_dest       1

backup  /usr/home/              localhost/
backup  /etc/           localhost/
backup  /var/named/     localhost/
backup  /var/www/       localhost/
backup  /usr/local/etc/ localhost/
backup_script   /usr/local/bin/backup-mysql.sh  localhost/mysql/

The interval directives tell rsnapshot how many backups to keep. E.g. with the above configuration, if I execute rsnapshot daily ten times, the last seven of the backups will be kept. rsnapshot uses hard linking to save space, so the disk usage won’t be horrible.

By using the cmd_postexec directive, I give the path to a script to execute after each backup run. In my backup-strongspace.sh script I have:


/usr/local/bin/rsync -az --delete --delete-excluded /usr/.snapshots/daily.0 estan@estan.strongspace.com:/strongspace/estan/dose

This will sync the latest backup to my Strongspace account (40 GB Starter account, $4.99/month).

The --filter="dir-merge,n- .backup-exclude" is obscure rsync syntax and means that I can put stuff to be excluded from backup in directory specific .backup-exclude files.

Next comes the backup directives, these simply specify the directories that should be backed up.

Using the backup-script directive, I specify the path to script to be run in an empty temporary directory before that directory is backed up. The backup-mysql.sh script I’ve specified contains the following:


/usr/local/bin/mysqldump -u root -pmypassword --all-databases | gzip > all-databases.sql.gz

This will simply make a gzipped dump of all MySQL databases on the machine, which will then be backed up by rsnapshot.

An important note for Linux users is that you probably want to specify cmd_cp /bin/cp, as rsnapshot can take advantage of some features of GNU cp.

Step 3 — Configure cron job

I created two scripts that are run from cron as part of FreeBSD’s regular periodic maintenance scripts:



/usr/local/bin/rsnapshot daily > /tmp/rsnapshot.out 2>&1 || cat /tmp/rsnapshot.out | mail -s "daily backups failed on `hostname`" my@email.com




/usr/local/bin/rsnapshot monthly > /tmp/rsnapshot.out 2>&1 || cat /tmp/rsnapshot.out | mail -s "monthly backups failed on `hostname`" my@email.com

This means I’ll get an e-mail if the backups fail for some reason, and can then inspect the rsnapshot log in /var/log/rsnapshot. On the FreeBSD server I already had an e-mail server configured, but on my laptop and workstation I set up msmtp instead, which is a simple SMTP mailer, and the configuration of the cron jobs is a bit different from FreeBSD.


If I ever mess something up, I’ll have backups from the past seven days to restore from, or from the last monthly backup. And if the HDD crashes, I’ll always have a copy of the latest stuff on my Strongspace account. I’m very happy and it feels good to finally have backups.

Feel free to share your own backup strategy in the comments.


Bordering on the Insane — A Story of a Near Collapse

You’ll have to excuse the witty title, but I’ve been working on table borders. Specifically collapsed multi-line borders, properly joined at intersections. It is hard work I tell you. No, really, it’s downright ridiculous.

Some Background

Since a table cell may span multiple rows or columns, along each side of the cell, it may share its border on that side with N neighboring cells, or with the table border. Along each such shared border segment, the neighboring border along that segment must be identified and collapsed with the cell border according to certain rules. The most commonly used rules are those specified in the CSS collapsing border model, sometimes with slight modifications. This is also what I’m aiming for in my implementation.

Lines in Scribus can traditionally be represented by an arbitrary number of lines, each with its own color, width and style, drawn on top of each other, thin over thick. Like this:

A multi-line in Scribus

A multi-line in Scribus

In trying to keep in style, I’d of course like to support these types of lines in my implementation of table borders. This is also supported by competing products such as InDesign.

Borders from different cells, or from the table itself, meeting at an intersection in the table should optionally be joined. Joining is the process of adjusting the start and end points of the border, as well as adjusting the start and end points of the individual lines constituting the border, in order to make a “best effort” join with any other borders meeting at the intersection.

This is where the fun begins. I’ve identified at least these 41 possible cases of joins:

Table Border Join Cases

Table Border Join Cases

The Past ~Two Weeks

In the past two weeks most of my work has been trying to find a joining/painting algorithm that correctly identifies all the cases above and performs the necessary adjustments.

To paint an entire table, the painting algorithm must iterate over all cell edges in the table, and for each edge, iterate over all shared border segments. For each segment, the segment is collapsed with the correct neighboring border. Next, each of the, possibly six, other border segments meeting the segment at its start and end point must also be identified. This means identifying all the cells surrounding the segment and collapsing the appropriate shared border segments between them.

Let’s take a simple case as an example. In the example below we want to paint the top border of the green-tinted cell, which spans two columns. The thin red dotted line represents the underlying table grid.

Painting a Top Border

Painting a Top Border

In the first iteration above, in addition to collapsing the shared border segment between the cell itself and the cell above it, the five border segments coming in to meet it at the two intersections must be identified and collapsed correctly. After that, adjustments for joining can be made to the segment start and end, before the segment is finally painted.

Similarly, in the second iteration, there are four additional collapses that needs to be done before joining adjustments and finally painting can be done.

Needless to say, it’s been quite a chore trying to get this to work. Especially the joining algorithm has been a tough nut to crack. I’ve used up numerous sketch pads trying to figure it out. When working on something like this, pen and paper is invaluable. But, although there are some cases it can’t quite handle in a pleasing way, I think I finally have an approach that will work. I’ve intentionally made the code for collapsing and joining strictly separated from the rest of the code, to ease unit testing.

To not get too complicated the algorithm I’ve settled on imposes a strict painting order — horizontal borders must be painted on top of vertical ones. This means two iteration across the table. Iteration is quite fast though, and besides, I’d rather spend my time optimizing cell accesses on the table than convoluting the joining algorithm with added complexity.

So without further ado, here’s a screenshot of some collapsed joined and non-joined borders on a table in Scribus:

Joined Borders in Scribus

Joined Borders in Scribus

Although there are some bugs in there, I have other fish to fry at the moment, so I’m going to leave painting for a while. And if there’s anyone out there who, after looking at that picture with the 41 join cases I’ve identified, get a brilliant idea for an algorithm that covers them all with a minimal amount of code, then contact me! Please!

That’s all for now. Bye ’til next time!